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WORLDWIDE INCORPORATION

COMPANY EXTENSIONS

 

This page provides definitions of company "extensions". While U.S. companies are usually followed by "Inc.", many foreign companies have different endings. This section tells what these terms mean, and where they are used. If you don't know what country a company is based in, this list of identifiers might help narrow your search.

Ext.

Country

Description

A. en P.

Mexico

Asociación en Participación . Joint venture

AB

Sweden

Aktiebolag . Stock company -- can be publicly-traded or privately-held. In Sweden, privately-held AB's must have capital of at least SEK 100,000 upon incorporation. AB's are also required to allocate at least 10% of the profits for reserves per year until reserves are at least 20% of the start-up capital. Publicly-traded AB's in Sweden must have capital of at least SEK 500,000. There must be at least three board members for Swedish AB's. An Annual General Meeting is required. AB's are registed with the Patents and Registration Office (Patent- och Registreringsverket, or PRV). The Swedish automobile and aircraft manufacturer SAAB is actually an acronym -- Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget. Aktiebolaget is sometimes used instead of Aktiebolag, since the definite article is appended to the end of the word in Swedish (Aktiebolaget means THE stock company whereas Aktiebolag means just Stock Company).

AB

Finland

Aktiebolag . In Finland, many companies use both this Swedish abbreviation and the Finnish language Oy designation, since Finland is a bilingual country. In Finland, an AB is only private (Apb is the public equivalent).

A.C.

Mexico

Asociación Civil Civil Association of a non-commercial nature.

ACE

Portugal

Agrupamento Complementar de Empresas . Association of businesses

AD

Bulgaria

Aktzionerno Druzhestvo . Limited Liability company, can be publicly-traded.

AE

Greece

Anonymos Etairia . Limited company. Must have a board of three to nine members.

AG

Austria

Aktiengesellschaft . Translates to "stock corporation". Minimum share capital is ATS 1 million. Par value of each share must be ATS 100, ATS 500, or a multiple of ATS 1,000. As in Germany, an Austrian AG must have both a Vorstand and an Aufsichtsrat.

AG

Germany

Aktiengesellschaft . Translates to "stock corporation." In Germany, all publicly traded companies are AG's, but not all AG's are publicly traded. AG's have two sets of boards -- the Vorstand, which usually consists of the CEO, CFO and other top management, and an Aufsichtsrat, which translates to "supervisory board," which has the function of overseeing management and representing the shareholders. German law prohibits individuals from being members of both boards. AG's in Germany require a minimum of DM 100,000 share capital and at least five shareholders at incorporation. Minimum par value for shares is DM 50.

AG

Switzerland

Aktiengesellschaft . Translates to "stock corporation." In Switzerland, AG's must have at least CHF 100,000 share capital, and each share must be at least CHF 100 par value. When a Swiss entity registers as an AG, 3% of the capital must be paid to the authorities as a Tax. There must be three shareholders (although they can be nominees). A Swiss AG must have at least one director who is a Swiss resident and citizen. An annual audit is required, and an annual directors meeting and shareholders meetings must be held in Switzerland.

AL

Norway

Andelslag . Co-operative society.
Note: this was formerly written as A.L. and A/L, but recent financial law reform has dictated that periods and slashes should no longer be used.

AmbA

Denmark

Andelsselskab .

ANS

Norway

Ansvarlig selskap . Trading partnership.

Apb

Finland

Publikt Aktiebolag . Public limited company. This is the Swedish language equivalent to the more commonly used Oyj in Finland. Finland is technically bilingual, so this could be used, but is not likely.

ApS

Denmark

Anpartsselskab . Limited liability corporation, required minimum share capital of DKK 200,000.

ApS & Co. K/S

Denmark

Similar to a K/S, but the entity with unlimited liability is a company (ApS) instead of an individual.

AS

Norway

Aksjeselskap , translates to "stock company," and gives owners limited liability. In Norway, publicly traded companies now use the ASA notation, and no longer use this notation. Private companies still use this AS notation. An AS requires minimum share capital of NOK 100,000, of which at least 50% must be paid up at incorporation.
Note: this was formerly written as A.S. and A/S, but recent financial law reform has dictated that periods and slashes should no longer be used.

A/S

Denmark

Aktieselskap , translates to "stock company", and gives the owners limited liability. Danish companies require minimum share capital of DKK 500,000.

A.S.

Czech Republic

akciova spolecnost . Joint stock company. Owners have limited liability. Share capital must be at least CZK 1 million. The company must put at least 20% of the capital into a reserve fund, which is funded by after-tax profits. The accounts must be audited annually. There must be at least three members on the board of directors, and each member must be a Czech citizen or resident.

A.S.

Estonia

Aktsiaselts , Joint Stock company.

A.S.

Slovakia

Akciova Spolocnost , Joint stock company

A.S.

Turkey

Anonim Sirket , a limited liability company

ASA

Norway

Allmennaksjeselskap . Stock company. This acronym was chosen because Aas is a very common surname in Norway, which might have created some confusion. Since 1996, all publicly traded Norwegian companies are now incorporated in this legal structure, but not all ASA's are publicly traded.
Note: this was formerly written as A.S.A. and A/S/A, but recent financial law reform has dictated that periods and slashes should no longer be used.

AVV

Aruba

Aruba Vrijgestelde Vennootschap . Aruba Exempt Company. This type of company is intended for non-residents of Aruba: and such a company pays no taxes (but must instead pay an annual registration fee of AFl 500, or about US$280). Registered or bearer shares may be issued, and preference shares are also allowed. Minimum share capital is AFl 10,000. There are no financial statements that are required to be filed, but there must be representation by a local Aruban company (usually a Trust Agent). More information about this type of company is available from

B

Ext.

Country

Description

Bpk

South Africa

Beperk

Bt

Hungary

Betiti társaság . Limited liability partnership.

B.V.

Belgium

Besloten Vennootschap . Limited liability company.

B.V.

Netherlands

Besloten Vennootschap . Limited liability company. Capital of at least 40,000 NLG is required to start at BV.

B.V.

Netherlands Antilles

Besloten Vennootschap . Limited liability company. Many companies incorporated in the Netherlands Antilles are merely shells created for tax purposes.

BVBA

Belgium

Besloten Vennootschap met Beperkte Aansprakelijkheid Flemish language equivalent of the SPRL. It means that the company is a private limited company. Capital must be at least BEF 750,000, with at least BEF 250,000 paid up.

C

Ext.

Country

Description

CA

Ecuador

compania anonima

Corp.

USA

Corporation Same meaning as Incorporated.

C.V.

Netherlands

Commanditaire Vennootschap . Limited Partnership. One partner must have unlimited liability, and the others can have limited liability.

CVA

Belgium

Commanditaire Vennootschap op Aandelen. Limited partnership with shares. Flemish language equivalent to the French language SCA

CVoA

Netherlands

Commanditaire Vennootschap op Andelen . Limited Partnership, with shares

D

Ext.

Country

Description

DA

Norway

Selskap med delt ansar . Limited Partnership
Note: this was formerly written as D.A. and D/A, but recent financial law reform has dictated that periods and slashes should no longer be used.

d/b/a

USA

Doing Business As. Used often by individuals who want to have a business name, but don't want to incorporate. Companies also use this designation when they operate under a name other than the owner's personal name or or the name of a filed corporation/LLC.

d.d.

Croatia

dionicko drustvo . Joint stock company.

d.d.

Slovenia

Delniska druzba . Stock company -- all publicly traded companies must have this structure. Must have capital of SIT 3 million, and each share must have par value of SIT 1,000. Minimum of five shareholders.

d.n.o.

Slovenia

Druzba z neomejeno odgovornostjo . Partnership -- all partners have unlimited liability.

d.o.o.

Croatia

drustvo s ogranicenom odgovornoscu . Limited Liability company.

d.o.o.

Slovenia

Druzba z omejeno odgovornostjo . Limited Liability company. Must have a share capital of at least SIT 1.5 million, and each partner must invest at least SIT 10,000.

E

Ext.

Country

Description

EE

Greece

Eterrorrythmos . Limited liability partnership.

EEG

Austria

Eingetragene Erwerbsgesellschaft Professional Partnership

EIRL

Peru

Empresa Individual de Responsabilidad Limitada . Personal business with limited liability.

ELP

Bahamas

Exempted Limited Partnership . Has one or more limited partners, and one general partner, which must be a resident of the Bahamas or a company incorporated in the Bahamas. Cannot conduct business in the Bahamas, but may conduct business elsewhere. Usually set up for tax purposes.

EOOD

Bulgaria

Ednolichno Druzhestvo s Ogranichena Otgovornost . Limited liability company. Requires only one shareholder.

EPE

Greece

Etairia periorismenis evthinis . Limited liability company.

EURL

France

Enterprise Unipersonnelle à Responsabilité Limitée. Sole proprietorship with limited liability.

e.V.

Germany

eingetragener Verein . Non profit society/association.

G

Ext.

Country

Description

GbR

Germany

Gesellschaft burgerlichen Rechts . Partnership without a legal name. Mainly used for non-commercial purposes. Partners have full liability.

GCV

Belgium

Gewone Commanditaire Vennootschap . Limited Partnership. The Flemish language equivalent to the French language SCS.

GesmbH

Austria

See GmbH. This abbreviation is only used in Austria (not Germany or Switzerland).

GIE

France

Groupement d'intéret économique. Economic Grouping of Interest. Two or more persons or entities form an alliance with the goal of facilitating or developing economic activity of the members.

GmbH & Co. KG

Germany

Like a KG, but the entity with unlimited liability is a GmbH instead of a person. (See the KG entry for more information).

GmbH

Austria

Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung . Translates to "Company with limited liability." In Austria, this is often GesmbH, although this abbreviation is not used in Germany or Switzerland. In Austria, there must be at least two founding shareholders of a GmbH. Insurance companies and mortgage banking companies are not permitted to exist in this form. Minimum share capital is ATS 500,000, and at least half of this must be raised in cash. Minimum par value is ATS 1,000 per share. No citizenship or residence requirement for shareholders exists, and shareholders can be other companies. A general meeting must be held at least annually. If an Austrian GmbH controls companies with 300 or more employees, or if the company has more than 300 employees itself, there must be a supervisory board, which must be at least three members, one of whom represents the workers. The supervisory board must meet at least three times per year.

GmbH

Germany

Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung . Translates to "Company with limited liability." In Germany, a GmbH means that the company is incorporated, but it is not publicly traded (as public companies must be AG's). GmbH's are essentially partnerships without a legal name, and there must be at least two partners. There must be nominal capital of at least DM 50,000. Subsidiaries of AG's can be GmbH's.

GmbH

Switzerland

Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung . Translates to "Company with limited liability." In Switzerland, a GmbH cannot have shares, and the owners of the company are entered into the commercial registry. Nominees can be used for anonymity.

H

Ext.

Country

Description

HB

Sweden

Handelsbolag. Trading Partnership

hf

Iceland

Hlutafelag . Limited liability company.

I

Ext.

Country

Description

IBC

Various

International Business Company . Used for offshore companies, in places such as Bahamas, Turks & Caicos Islands, etc.

Inc.

USA

Means a company is Incorporated, and the owners have limited liability. In the United States, companies can be registered in any of the 50 states -- many of the bigger corporations are registered in Delaware due to various regulations. Incorporation in the United States is very easy, and can be done for minimal fees.

Inc

Canada

Incorporated. Limited liability

I/S

Denmark

Interessentskab . Used in Denmark. General partnership; all partners have unlimited liability.

J

Ext.

Country

Description

j.t.d.

Croatia

javno trgovacko drustvo . Unlimited liability company.

K

Ext.

Country

Description

KA/S

Denmark

Kommanditaktieselskab . Limited partnership with share capital

Kb

Sweden

Kommanditbolag . Limited partnership. There must be at least one partner with unlimited liability, although some partners can have limited liability. In Sweden, all Kommanditbolags must be registered with the Patents and Trademark Office. Annual reports must be filed annually, and if there are more than 10 employees, then the annual accounts must be audited, and if there are more than 200 employees, the annual reports must be filed with the Patents and Trademark office.

Kb

Finland

Kommanditbolag . Limited partnership. This is a Swedish term, and since Finland is technically bilingual, this abbreviation can be used there, although the Ky designation is more common.

KD

Bulgaria

Komanditno drushestwo . Partnership

k.d.

Croatia

komanditno drustvo . Limited Partnership.

k.d.

Slovenia

Komanditna druzba . Limited Partnership -- there must be at least one limited partner and one unlimited partner.

KDA

Bulgaria

Komanditno drushestwo s akzii . Partnership with shares.

k.d.d.

Slovenia

Komanditna delniska druzba . Limited Partnership with shares.

Kft

Hungary

korlátolt felelösségû társaság . Limited liability company. Similar to the German GmbH, this type of company offers limited liability, although the shares cannot trade publicly. Requires only one shareholder. Minimum share capital is HUF 1 million.

KG

Austria

Kommanditgesellschaft . A partnership under a legal name. There must be two partners, at least one limited and at least one unlimited partner. The limited partner's liability is listed in the commercial register.

KG

Germany

Kommanditgesellschaft . A partnership under a legal name. There must be two partners, at least one limited and at least one unlimited.

KGaA

Germany

Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien. A Limited Partnership that has shares.

KK

Japan

Kabushiki Kaishi . Joint Stock Company

Kkt

Hungary

közkereseti társaság , General Partnership. All partners have unlimited liability.

Kol. SrK

Turkey

Kollektiv Sirket . Unlimited liability partnership.

Kom. SrK

Turkey

Komandit Sirket . Limited liability partnership.

k.s.

Czech Republic

komanditni spolecnost . Limited partnership. One partner must have unlimited liability, although other partners can carry limited liability.

K/S

Denmark

Kommanditselskab . Limited partnership: at least one partner has unlimited liability and at least one partner has limited liability.

KS

Norway

Kommandittselskap . Limited partnership: at least one partner has unlimited liability and at least one partner has limited liability.
Note: this was formerly written as K.S. and K/S, but recent financial law reform has dictated that periods and slashes should no longer be used.

Kv

Hungary

Közös vállalat . Joint Venture

Ky

Finland

Kommandiittiyhtiö . Limited Partnership.

L

Ext.

Country

Description

Lda

Portugal

Sociedade por Quotas Limitada . Must have at least two shareholders, and paid in capital of at least 400,000 Escudos (800 Euros)

LDC

Bahamas

Limited Duration Company . A company, but it has a life of 30 years or less. Sometimes, these companies can be clasified as partnerships in the United States.

LLC

USA

Limited Liability Company . Not really a corporation, and not really a partnership; it's something different altogether. Most states require there to be two people to form an LLC, but some states allow only one. An LLC has limited liability (hence the name), and unlimited life (i.e., the charter does not expire). In the United States, Corporations typically pay taxes, then distribute the profits via dividends, and the recipients must pay taxes on the dividends. An LLC allows for pass through taxation, which means that the income a company makes goes directly to the owners on their tax forms (even if the profits were not distributed). LLC's may have several different classes of stock.

LLP

USA

Limited Liability Partnership .

Ltd.

Various

Limited . Used in the UK and many former British colonies, as well as in other countries such as Japan. Indicates that a company is incorporated and that the owners have limited liability. This can also be used in the United States, and has the same meaning as Inc.

Ltda

Brazil

Sociedade por Quotas de Responsabiliadade Limitada . Means the owners have limited liability.

Ltée.

Canada

Limitée . French language equivalant of Ltd. (Limited). Indicates that a company is incorporated and that the owners have limited liability.

N

Ext.

Country

Description

N.A.

USA

National Association . Used by Banks in the United States as a way of getting the word national into their name, which is a legal requirement under certain banking regulations.

NT

Canada

iNTermediary . Indicates that a company is a financial intermediary. However, companies are not required to use this abbreviation in their name if they are a financial intermediary -- it's merely a description.

NV

Netherlands

Naamloze Vennootschap . All publicly traded Dutch compnies are NV's, but not all NV's are publicly traded. Dutch NV's require 100,000 NLG share capital or more.

NV

Belgium

Naamloze Vennootschap . This is Flemish (Dutch): In Belgium, many companies use both NV and SA (the French language equivalent).

NV

Netherlands Antilles

Naamloze Vennootschap . In the Netherlands Antilles, many foreign companies establish subsidiaries to shelter taxes.

O

Ext.

Country

Description

OE

Greece

Omorrythmos . Partnership. All partners have unlimited liability.

OHG

Austria

Offene Handelsgesellschaft . Partnership, with at least two partners. Partners have unlimited liability.

OHG

Germany

Offene Handelsgesellschaft . Partnership with a legal name, and must have at least two partners. Partners have unlimited liability.

OOD

Bulgaria

Druzhestvo s Ogranichena Otgovornost . Limited liability company. Requires at least 2 shareholders. Minimum share capital is 5000 leva (2500 Euro).

Estonia

Osaühing . Private limited liability company. Minimum capital of EEK 40,000. This type of company doesn't trade on the stock exchange (as those are of the AS variety).

Oy

Finland

Osakeyhtiö . All corporations in Finland used to have this legal structure, although now, publicly traded companies will be OYJ (julkinen osakeyhtiö).

OYJ

Finland

julkinen osakeyhtiö . Used by publicly-traded companies in Finland.

P

Ext.

Country

Description

P/L

Australia

Pty. Ltd. Proprietary Limited Company.

PC Ltd

Australia

Public Company Limited by Shares

PLC

Various

Public Limited Company Means what it says -- it is publicly traded, and the owners have limited liability. Used in the UK, Ireland, and elsewhere. In the UK, a PLC must have at least UKP 50,000 in authorized capital, with UKP 12,500 paid up. This abbreviation is not used by United States companies (except by foreign companies.)

PMA

Indonesia

Penenaman Modal Asing . Foreign joint venture company.

PMDN

Indonesia

Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri . Domestic Capital investment company

PrC

Ireland

Private Company limited by shares .

Prp. Ltd.

Botswana

Private company limited by shares.

PT

Indonesia

Perseroan Terbuka . Limited liability company.

Pty.

Various

Stands for Proprietary. Used in South Africa, Australia and elsewhere.

R

Ext.

Country

Description

RAS

Estonia

Riiklik Aktsiaselts. State (owned) Joint Stock company.

Rt

Hungary

Részvénytársaság . Stock Company. All Hungarian publicly-traded companies are incorporated via this structure. However, an Rt doesn't necesarily mean that a company is publicly traded, and Rt companies may have as few as one shareholder. However, there are three board members required. Minimum share capital is HUF 10 million.

S

Ext.

Country

Description

S. de R.L.

Mexico

Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada . Limited Partnership

S. en C.

Colombia & Peru

Sociedad en Comandita . Limited Partnership

S. en N.C.

Mexico

Sociedad en Nombre Colectivo . General Partnership

S/A

Brazil

Sociedades Anônimas . In Brazil, there must be at least two shareholders of an S/A, and they must have paid in cash at least 10% of the subscribed capital. The Capital must be deposited with the Bank of Brazil or other approved entity of the Brazilian Securities and Exchange Commission. Annual accounts must be published.

SA

Belgium

Société Anonyme , the Dutch language equivalent is NV. Initial capital must be BEF 2.5 million, and must be fully paid up upon incorporation.

SA

France

Société Anonyme .

SA

Greece

Société Anonyme . A Greek SA must have share capital of GRD 10 million.

sa

Italy

Societá in accomandita per azioni . Limited partnership with shares.

SA

Ivory Coast

Société Anonyme . Requires a minimum of seven shareholders. Each share must have a par value of at least 5000 CFA Francs,

SA

Luxembourg

Société Anonyme . There is a minimum of two shareholders, and a minimum share capital of LUF 1.25 million.

SA

Mexico

sociedad anónima . Mexican SA's require a minimum capital of N$50,000. At least 20% of this must be paid-in at the time of incorporation. There is a minimum of 2 shareholders, but no maximum. Ordinary shareholder meetings can be called with 1/2 of the shares volting, and extraordinary meetings require a 3/4 vote. Shareholder meetings must take place in the city where the company is located, but board meetings can be abroad. 5% of annual profits must be allocated to a reserve until the reserve totals 20% of the capital.

SA

Morocco

Société Anonyme . SA's must have at least seven shareholders and a share capital of at least 10,000 dirhams, with each share having a minimum par value of 1000 dirhams.

SA

Poland

Spolka Akcyjna . Stock company

SA

Portugal

Sociedad Anónima . Share capital minimum of PTE 5 million, and a minimum par value of PTE 1000 per share. There is a minimum of 5 shareholders. Companies are registered in the Commercial Registry.

SA

Romania

Societate pe actiuni . Limited liability company, can be publicly-traded. Can be set up by one or more shareholders (but not more than 50) and must have a minimum capital of RL 2 million (about $100.00). At present, capital contributed by a foreign investor is converted to lei at the prevailing market exchange rate in effect at the time the capital is contributed for accounting purposes only. Companies may maintain bank accounts in foreign currency. The registered capital is divided into equal shares whose value cannot be less than RL 100,000 (about $5.00 USD) each.

S.A.

Brazil

Sociedade por Ações . Privately-held company

SA de CV

Mexico

In Mexico, SA's can have either fixed or variable capital; this abbreviation is used for those with variable capital.

SAFI

Uruguay

Sociedad Anonima Financiera de Inversion . Offshore company.

S.A.I.C.A.

Venezuela

Sociedad Anónima Inscrita de Capital Abierto . Open Capital Company

SApA

Italy

Societa in Accomandita per Azioni .

Sarl

France & Other

société à responsabilité limitée . Used in France and other French speaking countries. Private company.

Sarl

Luxembourg

société à responsabilité limitée . Private company -- must have share capital of at least LUF 500,000, and 100% must be paid up on formation. Requires a minimum of one director and two shareholders.

SAS

Italy

Societá in Accomandita Semplice. Limited Partnership.

SC

France

Société civile . Partnership with full liability.

SC

Poland

Spólka prawa cywilnego . Partnership with all partners having unlimited liability.

S.C.

Spain

sociedad en commandita . General Partnership.

SCA

Belgium

Societe en commandite par actions . Limited partnership with share capital.

SCA

Romania

societate in còmandita pe actiuni . Limited liability partnership with shares.

SCP

Brazil

Sociedade em Conta de Participacão . This is a partnership where there is one partner assumed responsible for running the business. The other partners carry liability, but they do not have to be revealed.

SCS

Belgium & France

Societe en Commandite Simple .

S.C.S.

Brazil

Sociedade em Comandita Simples . Limited Partnership

SCS

Romania

societate in comandita simpla . Limited liability partnership.

Sdn Bhd

Malaysia

Sendirian Berhad . Limited Liability Company.

SENC

Luxembourg

Société en Nom Collectif . General Partnership

SGPS

Portugal

Sociedade gestora de participações socialis . Holding Enterprise.

SK

Poland

Spólka komandytowa . Limited liability partnership.

SNC

France

société en nom collectif . General Partnership

SNC

Italy

Società in Nome Collettivo . General Partnership.

SNC

Romania

societate in nume colectiv . General Partnership.

SNC

Spain

General Partnership

SOPARFI

Luxembourg

Société de Participation Financiére . Holding company.

sp

France

Societe en participation .

SpA

Italy

Società per Azioni . Limited share company.

spol s.r.o.

Czech Republic

spolecnost s rucenim omezenym , limited liability company. This type of company cannot trade on the stock exchange, but owners have limited liability up to their unpaid deposits. This type of company must have share capital of at least CZK 100,000, and each shareholder must contribute at least CZK 20,000. A reserve fund of at least 10% of the share capital must be created from the profits. There is a maximum of 50 shareholders. Directors must be Czech citizens or residents. An annual audit is usually not required.

SPRL

Belgium

Société Privée à Responsabilité Limitée . French language equivalent to BVBA -- see that definition for more information.

Sp. z.o.o.

Poland

Spólka z ograniczona odpowiedzialnoscia . Limited liability company, privately-held.

 

Srl

Chile

Sociedad de responsabilidad limitada , Limited Liability company

 

Srl

Italy

Società a Responsabilità Limitata , limited liability company.

 

Srl

Mexico

Sociedad de responsabilidad limitada , and this type of limited liability company is really not that common in Mexico. A minimum of N$3,000 is required.

 

Srl

Romania

societate cu raspondere limitata . Limited-liability company, privately-held. Can be set up by one or more shareholders (but not more than 50) and must have a minimum capital of RL 2 million (about $100.00). At present, capital contributed by a foreign investor is converted to lei at the prevailing market exchange rate in effect at the time the capital is contributed for accounting purposes only. Companies may maintain bank accounts in foreign currency. The registered capital is divided into equal shares whose value cannot be less than RL 100,000 (about $5.00) each.

 

Srl

Spain

Sociedad Regular Colectiva

 

T

Ext.

Country

Description

td

Slovenia

Tiha druzba . Sole proprietorship.

TLS

Turkey

Türk Limited Sirket . Private Limited Liability Company

V

Ext.

Country

Description

VEB

East Germany

Volkseigner Betrieb . Term for East German companies before Reunification. They were all either shut down, or converted into AGs or GmbHs by the Privitization Agency (Treuhandanstalt).

VOF

Netherlands

Vennootschap onder firma . General partnership.

v.o.s.

Czech Rep

verejna obchodni spolecnost . General partnership. Partners are fully liable.

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